The plantar fasciitis is a disorder characterized by inflammation and pain in the arcuate ligament, which crosses the bottom of the foot, and the heel connects with the base of the toes. The arched ligament plays a role of primary importance in the transmission of body weight to the foot while walking and running and is subjected to stress in particular during running or jumping. Plantar fasciitis is persistent in athletes, but it can also occur in overweight or obese subjects, in pregnant women and due to the use of shoes that put the heel and the arched ligament of the foot under excessive stress.
What is plantar fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is one of the Most Common Reasons for tallonitis tallonitis. The pain is generally more acute in the morning when you get out of bed. After making the first movements, it tends to decrease, to flare up after sitting for a long time.
What are the causes of plantar fasciitis?
The arched ligament of the foot functions as a rope that absorbs body weight and movements: when tension is excessive, the ligament can tear and become inflamed, resulting in plantar fasciitis.
Among the leading causes underlying this disorder are:
- The practice of some sporting activities such as running, basketball, tennis, and football, which much stress the arched ligament of the foot.
- The presence of particular conformations of the foot that can lead to walking incorrectly (such as the flat foot or hollow foot).
- The use of unsuitable shoes such as those with a flat sole, which do not provide the right support to the arched ligament of the foot, or with high heels, which favor the retraction of the Achilles tendon (giving rise, in both cases, to excessive stress in the heel and arched ligament).
Additional factors that may increase the risk of developing plantar fasciitis are age (this disorder is most common between 40 and 60 years of age); the presence of overweight or obesity; performing job duties that force you to stand up for many hours of the day.
What are the symptoms of plantar fasciitis?
Typically the pain associated with plantar fasciitis Grows gradually affects Just One foot, although it can occur in both feet and is more acute when taking the first steps after waking up and can be reactivated after being long seated.
How to prevent plantar fasciitis?
To prevent the onset of plantar fasciitis, it is advisable to:
- Maintain healthy body weight to minimize stress on the arched ligament of the foot.
- Use the best tennis shoes for Plantar Fasciitis for sporting activities and do not wear worn-out sneakers always to have a good cushioning system.
- Avoid wearing shoes with flat soles and too high heels as much as possible
The doctor will make an accurate examination of the foot, during which he will verify the presence and location of the perceived pain symptoms. The specialist will also be able to recommend imaging tests ( radiography or magnetic resonance imaging ) to the patient to make sure that there is no other cause of the pain (such as, a nerve injury or crush).
Among the therapies planned to resolve this condition, there is the pharmacological approach, aimed at alleviating the symptoms of plantar fasciitis by administering nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids; l ‘ approach “reinforced” with stretching and strengthening exercises and the use of specialized devices (splints, orthotics); surgical procedure and shock wave therapies.